SORGHUM BICOLOR X SORGHUM SUDANENSE
Forage sorghum is a crop that fully matches the needs of the farmer, providing significant agronomic advantages:
- The sorghum thanks to the presence of strongly cutinized leaves that disperse less water and to the branched root system with good suction capability, is a crop with good resistance to drought.
- It’s suitable to all types of soil, including clayly and bad textured soils (provided that they have sufficient water reserves) and is not fear by Ostrinia nubilalis or Diabrotica spp. attacked soils.
- It’s a crop not exigent from a nutritional standpoint because its well developed root system allows it to access to the nutrients present in different parts of the soil.
- It’swith little investment, it provides forage with excellent nutritional characteristics.
Hybrids of Sorghum bicolor x sudanense, that combine different characteristics of the parental lines including varieties and hybrids for grain, with low size, robust culms, well developed panicles, limited tillering and high lodging resistance.AGRONOMIC METHODS
- Sowing rate: for Sorghum bicolor X sudanense: in lines without irrigation: 20-30 kg/ha, in lines with irrigation: 35-45 Kg/ha
- Depth of sowing: 1,2-2,0 cm
- Sowing period: from April to July when the soil temperature is at least 16 °C
- Fertilization: without manure, if needed, apply during pre-sowing period 40-60 Kg/ha of P2O5 and 80-100 Kg/ha of nitrogen at sowing time in urea form.
- Cropping: at the beginning of flowering stage, at least 15 cm from the ground, to promote regrowth.
- Mixture adaptation: not suitable for mixture
The high mass yields in dry areas, ease of production and convenient integration into crop rotations are the main reasons to grow this sorghum. It produces a forage of exceptional quality, suitable also for Biogas production.
The plant reaches a height of 2.5-3 m. It has excellent tolerance to cold and drought, and a vigorous and healthy early growth. It has high tillering and regrowth ability and good enticement resistance.
- Use: Hay, silage, biomass
Monster is very late because photoperiod sensitive (just below 12 hours and 20 minutes of light enters into reproductive stage). The continuous production of leaves therefore allows a better quality of forage.
Depending on the location and time of sowing can give huge returns in 150-160 days in the field. The hybrid can be used 3-4 times per season for grazing or for hay (optimum period for the collection of the first hay cut is about 70 days after sowing, for successive cuts when the plant is at least 0.8-1 m high), or in a single cut for silage.
Its characteristics are:
- High quality dry matter yelds
- Long harvesting period
- Big and long leaves of enhanced quality
- Excellent tillering and regrowth ability
- Extensive use-grazing, shredded green or silage-single cut
Rapid growth for early grazing.
Rapid tillering and good productivity.
High drought tolerance.
High nutritional value.
Its productivity is 80-120 tons / ha in green mass and 20-25 tons / ha of dry matter, based on water availability and soil fertility.
Rapid growth and very high tillering and regrowth ability.
High biomass production for biogas transformation.
High disease resistance and high drought tolerance.
High nutritional value and very good enticement resistance.
For biomass production reduce the sowing rate to 10-15 kg/ha in well-spaced rows, to be exploited in a single cut.
- Use: silage, grazing, biomass